The various kinds of bottled water with specific requirements
There are many different kinds of bottled waters, and each one has specific requirements regarding its origin, composition and treatment. Spring water comes from an underground source from which the water flows naturally to the surface and has less than 500 parts per million of total dissolved solids (TDS).
Mineral water is the same as spring water, except that it has more than 500 parts per million of TDS. In the United States, spring water must have less than 250 parts per million of TDS. Spring water and mineral water may or may not be treated. Only spring water and mineral water are potable at its source and all other types of bottled water do not have to potable at the water source.
Well water is water which would meet the definition of spring water, except that it does not flow naturally to the surface, and must be drilled in order to obtain the water. Well water comes from an unconfined aquifer, which is a supply of underground water that has an impermeable layer of clay or rock beneath it. Artesian well water rises under its own pressure from a confined aquifer, which is a supply of underground water that has an impermeable layer of clay or rock beneath it and above it. Artesian water has to be drilled in order to access it.
Distilled water is from the steam that is collected from boiling water; the steam is re-condensed and bottled. Distilled water will not contain any microbes or natural minerals that exist in water. Purified water can come from any source, but has been treated to be free of chemicals; in the United States, purified water must have less than ten parts per million of TDS.
Purified water may or may not contain any microbes that depend upon the type of treatment that has been used. Purified water can be treated by a variety of processes, including filtration, distillation, deionization and reverse osmosis. If the water has been treated by distillation or reverse osmosis, it will be free of all microbes.
Sterile water can originate from any water source, but is treated to inactivate all microbes from the water. Any water that is labeled simply as drinking water is water that is intended for human consumption, and has no added ingredients except optional safe and suitable disinfectants. Fluoride may be added, provided that the total amount of fluoride is within the national guidelines for fluoride in drinking water.
The important regulations under the Federal Food and Drugs act
Our bottled water is regulated under the Federal and Drugs Act because once water is put into a sealed container; it is considered a food product. The important regulations for bottled water are as follows:
Mineral water and spring water must be from a groundwater source and cannot contain any coliform bacteria. The composition of mineral water and spring water cannot be modified by adding chemicals, but carbon dioxide, fluoride and ozone can be added.
Labels on mineral water and spring water must include the location where the water came from, the amount of total dissolved salt content, the total fluoride content and if fluoride or ozone were added.
If carbon dioxide is added to mineral water or spring water, the water must be labeled as carbonated water.
If the water contains any coliform bacteria, aerobic bacteria, naturally occurring fluoride ions in an amount greater than its natural amount, or total fluoride amounts greater than one part per million, the water cannot be sold.
Prepackaged ice for sale cannot contain any coliform bacteria, naturally occurring fluoride ions in an amount greater than its natural amount, or total fluoride amounts greater than one part per million.
Other than water that is represented as mineral water or spring water, if chlorine has been used in treating the water, but have been removed from the water, chlorine or compounds of chlorine do not have to be listed as ingredients.
Other than water that is represented as mineral water or spring water, total fluoride content must be shown on the label.
Other than water that is represented as mineral water or spring water, any treatments must be shown on the label, except addition of any ingredient which is included on the ingredient list, chlorination, followed by the removal of chlorine and compounds of chlorine, decantation and filtration.
The bottled water is the safest when compared with tap water
We perform source water protection to ensure the quality of water. This source water protection is nothing but a treatment that ensures there is no any Cryptosporidium or Giardia in the water. For this water treatment against those microbes, water is filtered by an absolute filter, distilled, chlorinated, ozonized and finally treated with the effective method of reverse osmosis.